Water conservation

LocalState

Policymakers should develop a water conservation program. The program should be adequately funded.

This includes:

  • technical assistance to help local officials conduct comprehensive systemwide water audits, water-use accounting, reporting, and leak-detection and repair programs;
  • the installation of water-conserving plumbing fixtures and highly efficient water meters in residential, municipal, and state-owned buildings; and
  • the establishment of a permanent, year-round public education program that utilizes public-private partnerships and all available media and school curricula, and includes information on water supplies, use, planning, and conservation.

State policymakers should also:

  • require all water suppliers to submit and periodically update their water conservation plans,
  • identify quantifiable goals for water conservation and require suppliers to incorporate these goals into their plans, and
  • require utilities to provide consumers with information on basic household conservation measures.

State and local policymakers should encourage and facilitate the public’s involvement in deliberations on alternative sources of water, such as reclamation and desalination.