Natural disaster planning and recovery


Policymakers should identify and take steps to mitigate potential natural hazards. This includes putting in place disaster-resistant building codes, design regulations, and infrastructure plans and preventing development in high-risk zones.

Policymakers should engage in pre-disaster mitigation planning and post-disaster recovery efforts. This includes discussions before a disaster occurs about risks and vulnerabilities, as well as how to use investments and policies to mitigate risks and expedite recovery efforts. This should include comprehensive, evidence-based planning for the needs of older adults and people with disabilities in a variety of circumstances and settings.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency, in consultation with other appropriate federal agencies, should develop and maintain a national comprehensive strategic framework that incorporates both pre-disaster mitigation and post-disaster recovery efforts. The framework should include items such as common mitigation goals, performance measures, reporting requirements, the role of specific activities in the overall framework, and the roles and responsibilities of federal, state, and local agencies and nongovernmental stakeholders. Federal, state, and local governments should put in place technology infrastructure that will enable rapid communications and easy, transparent access to necessary information before, during, and after a disaster.

Disaster relief assistance and funding should be distributed equitably and fairly.