Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

FederalStateLocalPrivate Sector

Congress should provide adequate funding for ADA enforcement activities. It should utilize the higher federal match for compliance with the ADA. Congress also should amend the ADA to explicitly prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities by private transportation services. 

Public transportation providers should identify and implement cost-effective measures that expand ADA paratransit eligibility and service beyond the minimum mandated by the ADA. 

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and the Administration for Community Living should develop guidelines and provide technical assistance to transit authorities on making eligibility decisions under the ADA and providing information on available alternatives to people of all ages with disabilities. 

The FTA also should: 

  • provide education about ADA rights and the use of accessible transportation; 
  • ensure the accessibility of all transportation services offered to the public, including through monitoring of all public transportation providers, enforcing regulations, and providing technical assistance to local transportation agencies and authorities; and 
  • promote research on how to reduce paratransit service costs while improving quality and dependability. 

Specifically, the FTA should use its authority to: 

  • more vigorously enforce ADA regulations, 
  • conduct compliance reviews, 
  • investigate complaints, and 
  • impose meaningful sanctions for failures to comply with ADA regulations. 

Congress should also ensure the accessibility of all transportation services offered to the public by aggressively monitoring and enforcing timely ADA compliance by all transportation providers, including intercity and over-the-road buses. 

Local governments should encourage the development of accessible private transportation services (e.g., taxis) through such means as economic incentives, ordinances, and programs that designate medallions for accessible vehicles. 

State and local jurisdictions must comply with the ADA by removing access barriers that prevent people with disabilities from safely using the sidewalks. 

State and local governments should proactively develop and implement transition plans to ensure communities are fully accessible to people with disabilities. 

State and local jurisdictions must safely accommodate pedestrians with disabilities by implementing the best-practices guidelines in the 2011 Proposed Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way. 

Congress should encourage the Department of Justice to adopt the Proposed Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way. 

Congress should ensure the accessibility of all transportation services offered to the public by aggressively monitoring and enforcing timely ADA compliance by all transportation providers, including intercity and over-the-road buses, Amtrak, and ferries.