Parking

Background

Parking issues have gained prominence in overall land-use policy discussions. Jurisdictions are revising their parking policies to create walkable, mixed-use communities that support public transportation use, generate revenue, and reduce the cost of housing. Striking the right balance between having sufficient parking and meeting other community goals, such as user accessibility, is an ongoing challenge.

Parking: Policy

Parking supply

In this policy: Local

Local policymakers should minimize the amount of parking required for mixed-use development in order to support travel by means other than private vehicle and to encourage the creation of walkable, livable communities. At the same time, they should take into account the needs of people with disabilities and those with limited mobility who must rely on personal vehicles.

Local policymakers should consider parking solutions such as parking benefit districts and shared parking, to avoid creating excess parking space.

Parking lot design

In this policy: FederalLocalState

Local policymakers should implement parking lot design standards and guidelines in an effort to make parking lots safer for pedestrians of all ages and those with limited ability.

Newly constructed or reconstructed parking lots should provide adequate parking spaces compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act and based on anticipated disability rates of an aging population. Proper use of these spaces should be enforced.

Local authorities should ensure proper illumination of parking lots to enhance safety.

Research and education

In this policy: FederalLocalState

State and local governments should address parking lot safety in their pedestrian safety communications campaigns. These campaigns should be targeted to pedestrians and drivers.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration should organize a national effort to collect parking lot crash statistics and use the data to inform safety countermeasures.