Two government budget practices that can have significant implications for lower levels of government are block grants and unfunded mandates.
Federal and state governments have tried to change budget rules to control government spending. Budget rules have also been used to impose fiscal discipline.
A loophole in Medicare law related to hospital outpatient services (such as diagnostic tests, radiology, and certain surgeries) had subjected beneficiaries to much higher c
Traditional fee-for-service Medicare uses several payment systems to pay providers for services in the traditional program: prospective, episode-based, and
Medicare pays for hospital inpatient and outpatient services using a prospective payment system (PPS).
Medicare sets payment rates for physician services according to a fee schedule.
Under Part B, Medicare covers many types of medically necessary assistive technologies that improve health and functioning, including durable medical equip
Postacute care under Medicare refers to services provided after inpatient hospitalization or outpatient treatment.
Ensure adequacy and affordability—Medicaid should remain a v
Under the current Medicaid financing system, federal Medicaid funding increases in response to increases in enrollment, service costs, and service use.