One indicator of smart fiscal practices is maintaining balance between spending and revenues. Occasionally deficits may be necessary.
At the federal level, there are two categories of budgetary expenditures: entitlement and discretionary spending.
Under the U.S. Constitution, people are entitled to compensation when a government takes their property. This is known as a taking.
Policymakers can take action to stimulate the economy.
U.S. House members and state representatives are elected by district.
The right to vote is a fundamental human right. Free and fair elections are essential to democracy.
Democracies require openness and honesty in government. This means government policymaking and institutions function in public view.
Political advocacy is a cornerstone of democracy. This includes the ability to lobby public officials.
Civic engagement can take many forms: individual volunteerism, organizational development and leadership, public service, and electoral participation.
Two government budget practices that can have significant implications for lower levels of government are block grants and unfunded mandates.