The primary sources of government revenue are income, sales, and property taxes.
There is an increasing interest in taxes on energy consumption.
Policymakers should take action to raise revenues, promote energy conservation, and reduce climate change.
Carbon taxes or a cap-and-trade systems that would increase energy-related and other prices must include measures to compensate for regional differences in energy costs and
States should adequately fund and broaden their methods of financing public education.
States should generally avoid arbitrary limitations on property taxes.
To ensure equity in property taxation, assessors should use fair-market value as the starting point for determining property values.
Property tax relief should be equitable, cost-effective, and targeted to homeowners with low and moderate incomes burdened by their property tax bill.
Prior to finalizing annual budget decisions, localities should inform taxpayers of the property tax rate required to maintain revenues at the same level as the
Excise taxes are sales taxes on individual commodities, services, or transactions such as motor fuel, cigarettes, or home sales.