Two government budget practices that can have significant implications for lower levels of government are block grants and unfunded mandates.
Higher levels of government should provide adequate resources when mandating functions to lower levels of government.
Services should be implemented and operated by the level of government that can most appropriately and efficiently deliver them.
Federal and state governments have tried to change budget rules to control government spending. Budget rules have also been used to impose fiscal discipline.
Grandparents and other relatives play an important caregiving role in family well-being. Support from extended family is especially vital in families with low incomes.
Efforts to reform entitlement spending should recognize the following factors:
Flextime, part-time work, flexplace, telecommuting, teleworking, and job-sharing are examples of flexible work options. They appeal to workers of all ages.
Public and private employers should provide more flexible work options.
Public and private employers should offer phased-retirement programs and retiree reemployment programs that encourage employees to stay in the workforce beyond the time they
Policymakers should improve the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and state FMLAs. They could extend the law to apply to employers with fewer than 50 employees.