To save and invest, individuals need access to the banking system and credit.
Financial capability is the ability to make informed decisions about the use and management of money.
The housing finance system is essential to creating a robust and competitive consumer mortgage market.
Traditional pensions largely have been replaced with 401(k)s and other retirement plans in which employees contribute to individual accounts.
In 2019, net assets of U.S. mutual funds totaled $21.3 trillion. Roughly 45.5 percent of all U.S. households (58.5 million) invested in mutual funds.
Nearly half of U.S. households have invested in stocks or mutual funds.
Consumers lose billions of dollars each year to financial fraud, including investment fraud. Older adults are targets because they often have sizable assets.
The complexity of insurance contracts places the average consumer at a disadvantage in the marketplace.
Two government budget practices that can have significant implications for lower levels of government are block grants and unfunded mandates.
Federal and state governments have tried to change budget rules to control government spending. Budget rules have also been used to impose fiscal discipline.