At the federal level, there are two categories of budgetary expenditures: entitlement and discretionary spending.
Two government budget practices that can have significant implications for lower levels of government are block grants and unfunded mandates.
Under the U.S. Constitution, people are entitled to compensation when a government takes their property. This is known as a taking.
Policymakers can take action to stimulate the economy.
Federal and state governments have tried to change budget rules to control government spending. Budget rules have also been used to impose fiscal discipline.
One indicator of smart fiscal practices is maintaining balance between spending and revenues. Occasionally deficits may be necessary.
Affordability, accessibility, supportive services in housing, and fair housing make up the bulk of this chapter.
Housing costs determine whether individuals and families can live in a neighborhood without sacrificing other basic necessities, such as food and health care.
A range of programs exists to address the lack of affordable housing. These programs are not nearly enough to meet the demand from those who are housing cost-burdened.
Communities with a variety of housing options are most likely to be able to offer housing to people in a wide range of income levels.