Livable and sustainable communities are safe and healthy. They offer residents choices in where to live and how to get around.
Planning refers to how policymakers design, regulate, and manage the built environment. Land-use, zoning, and developer requirements and incentives help planners guide development patterns.
Extreme weather conditions, natural disasters, and health emergencies can devastate communities. They can destroy housing, transportation networks, businesses, and institutions.
Redevelopment reuses previously developed land to catalyze new economic growth. It can provide new housing options or community amenities.
When done well, community planning spurs economic development that helps all members of a community thrive.
Enhancing livable communities—through projects to improve transportation options, ensure more affordable and accessible housing, and build and maintain public spaces such as parks—requires both ade
The primary sources of government revenue are income, sales, and property taxes.
There is an increasing interest in taxes on energy consumption.
The mainstay of local taxation is the tax on real estate, known as the property tax. It is used to fund an array of critical state and local services, most notably public schools.
There are two main ways for governments to collect taxes. One is by taxing income directly. This is known as an income tax. The other is taxing only income that is spent.