Policymakers should take action to raise revenues, promote energy conservation, and reduce climate change.
Carbon taxes or a cap-and-trade systems that would increase energy-related and other prices must include measures to compensate for regional differences in energy costs and
Motor fuel taxes should be indexed for inflation and increased as necessary to fund transportation infrastructure and services.
Excise taxes on individual commodities, such as tobacco or alcohol, should at least keep pace with inflation, such as by levying them on an ad valorem basis.
Any further efforts to address marriage penalties should be targeted to two-earner couples and structured to avoid increasing marriage bonuses.
Public and private employers should provide more flexible work options.
Public and private employers should offer phased-retirement programs and retiree reemployment programs that encourage employees to stay in the workforce beyond the time they
Policymakers should improve the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and state FMLAs. They could extend the law to apply to employers with fewer than 50 employees.
Policymakers should require employers to provide employees with a reasonable amount of paid time off.
Federal and state governments should enact and strengthen policies to ensure workers have access to safe, high-quality, affordable care for children and other dependents in