States should increase the progressive nature of their income tax systems.
Reforming business taxes, such as corporate tax or a tax on the financial industry, should be considered in any effort to raise additional revenue.
States with income taxes should allow credits for taxes paid by their residents to other states so that no taxpayer is subject to double taxation.
Limitations can be set on the exclusions for other employer-provided benefits such as life insurance, tuition, and parking.
Eligibility for the exclusion for employer-provided health insurance should be determined based on the employer's coverage rules.
Lawmakers should maintain the tax-deferred status of employer-provided pensions as a critical way of promoting retirement savings.
The threshold for the medical expense deduction should be kept as low as possible.
Congress and the states should extend the EITC to workers with low incomes who have no dependents regardless of age, including those ages 65 and older, provided they are not dependents themselves.
States and localities should carefully evaluate the effectiveness of the incentives they offer to attract or retain businesses.