All levels of government, the private sector, and individuals should collaborate to develop policies that promote shared decision-making between consumers,
Medicare, Medicaid, and other payers should reimburse providers for the use of a standardized tool, including during “W
Policymakers and the private sector should ensure that consumers and employees have the right to seek redress through the courts for injury or losses.
Options for alternative dispute resolution (ADR) should be available. These include mediation and arbitration.
Health care providers should strongly encourage advance care planning by all older patients, but particularly those who have been diagnosed with cognitive