A livable community is one that is safe and secure, has affordable and appropriate housing and transportation options, and offers supportive community features and services. Once in place, those resources enhance personal independence; allow residents to age in place; and foster residents’ engagement in the community’s civic, economic, and social life.
It is important that the physical design of both the community and workplace have features that promote physical independence and dignity and increase opportunities for community engagement and choice as the population ages. People of varying physical abilities can live more independent and meaningful lives through innovative design and modifications, as well as technological advances. Accessibility features, types of activities, facilities, housing, road design, walkability, transportation, and supportive services influence whether a person can remain in the community and for how long.
Proper land-use planning and design are critical to developing livable communities. This chapter broadly highlights the major land-use, housing, and transportation policies that support successful aging.